Doxies are full of personality. They are predisposed to certain diseases though, so careful observation of your pets daily routine is important. Any significant change in this routine is cause for an examination. Our web site in the Diseases Section has detailed information on many of the diseases they are prone to.
They are susceptible to a problem with their spinal cords called Intervetebral Disk disease (IVD). This is a serious problem that can lead to paralysis. Symptoms can include lethargy, lack of appetite, crying or whining, reluctance to move or jump, or even anxiety, is cause for immediate examination. Please use our web site to learn much more about IVD.
Several different types of heart problems can affect them. The most common is one called a Patent Ductus Arteriosis (PDA). Look for symptoms of lethargy, exercise intolerance, coughing, and poor appetite as a clue.
This breed is prone to many skin problems, particularly allergies and hot spots. The usual symptoms are excessive scratching, flaky or bumpy skin, an odor to the haircoat, and hairloss. Run your hands over its haircoat daily because they can even get a malignant skin cancer called a mast cell tumor. These can appear as minor bumps or areas of inflammation, yet they can be highly malignant.
Hypothyroidism, a metabolic disease characterized by inadequate thyroid hormone circulating in the bloodstream, is common in the breed. Symptoms include obesity, lethargy, and/or coat problems. Affected animals may also have various reproductive problems, including irregular or absent estrus (heat cycle), and lack of fertility.
Two other hormone disease that can occur include Cushing’s disease and Diabetes Mellitus (sugar diabetes). Symptoms here vary, but commonly represent as excessive thirst and urination.
Many cancers can occur and affect a wide variety of organs. Look for lumps or bumps on the skin, mouth and anus. Also check the feet for swelling of the toes or lameness because they can get a cancer called Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
A vast array of eye problems can occur. Any discharge, redness, swelling, squinting, or pawing at the eyes is reason for an immediate exam.
Doxies can also get a bladder stone (called urolithiasis). Look for symptoms of straining to urinate, blood in urine, licking, or urinating small amounts frequently.